HOWTO install Cygwin
Cygwin is a Unix-like environment for windows.
It can be obtained from: www.cygwin.com
Below are notes on how to install and setup cygwin for access to group computers.
- Download setup.exe from www.cygwin.com.
- Run application from your local harddrive.
- Chose next on first screen.
- Select "Install from Internet" and click next.
- Enter preferred installation (Root) directory and click next.
- Enter a temporary installation directory and click next.
- Select "Direct Connection" and click next.
- Select a download site and click next.
(Any site that you can connect to is fine. Some sites are more stable and/or faster than others. Try to pick one that works for you.)
- Select the packages you want to install and click next.
Packages you may want to install include:
- keychain (for ssh key pairs)
- gnu compilers
- xinit(important for installing X-server)
Please note sometimes you may get a download incomplete and the setup application will return to step 8. Simply select another server and continue the installation process.
- Once the installation is complete, click Finish and continue with the Setup section.
DO NOT RESTART AT THIS TIME!
- Setup Windows Environment Variables:
- Open your System Control Panel:Select [start]->Control Panel->System
- Click on "Advanced System Settings", then select "Environmental Variables" under the "Advanced" tab of the "System Properties" Control Panel.
- In the Environmental variables window select new under "Variables for User" window.
Edit "User Variable" as follows:
Variable name: HOME
Variable value: Path to where you want your home directory
- In the Environmental variables window select Path under "System Variables" window.
Edit "System variable" as follows:
Append "; C:\cygwin\bin" to Variable value: (semicolon is very important)
- Select "Ok" to close both "Environmental Variables" and "System Properties" windows.
Creating link for starting X-windows:
- Create a shortcut to C:\cygwin\bin\Run.exe (on your desktop is probably a good place to do this).
- Right click on the shortcut and select properties.
- Under Target in the Shortcut tab enter:
C:\cygwin\bin\run.exe /usr/bin/bash.exe -l -c /usr/bin/startxwin.exe
- You may want to change the icon:
- Select "Change Icon" and chose a preferred icon.
- Select "Ok" to close the Properties dialog box.
To allow X-windows to start upon boot, place the your new shortcut in [Start]->[All Programs]->[Startup]<\ul>
- Now is a good time to restart...
Setup and configuring cygwin files.
- (Only necessary if your admin account differs from your user account) Create a new user and set a default user home directory other /home/username:
Using the terminal started by X-windows:
type: mkpasswd -c -p /cygdrive/c/Users/username/Documents >> /etc/passwd
- edit /etc/passwd using your favorite editor. You will need to remove the extra username after Documents in the home path.
- For easy use of the terminal create a startxterm.bat file in C:cygwin/bin. A reasonable xterm file looks like:
REM Startup an xterm, using bash as the shell.
%RUN% xterm -geometry 120x40 -sb -rightbar -e /bin/bash -l
- Save the file and you are done!
Start X-windows using the shortcut (it may already be started if you placed the file in your startup directory and rebooted).
Use the startxterm.bat file to start a terminal. (You may want to create a shortcut to this for easy use.)
Comments or quesionts please email: Valentino Cooper